Depression in Children

How can parents recognize that their child is depressed and when to seek professional help as is generally developed their awareness of mental disorders of their successors?

Depression in children and adolescents was mentioned in the seventeenth century, although it marked the twentieth opinion that children can be depressed, and therefore this disease for a long time neglected and unrecognized as a diagnostic category. Since the seventies, it was concluded that depression can occur during childhood and adolescence. This disorder is increasingly being recognized in the young, and the data suggest that depression is the leading cause of death in the age group 11-24 years.

More than 90 percent of suicide attempts in this age is directly associated with depressive disorder, or substance abuse.

How can parents recognize that their child is depressed and when to seek professional help as is generally developed their awareness of mental disorders of their successors? What are all the depression and on which ways the lens, we asked PhD specialist child psychiatry:
There are specifics of depression in children and young people, where parents and doctors should pay particular attention to: irritability (nervousness), problems in social relations of children with their peers, parents, teachers, coaches, avoiding games and other forms of entertainment, frequent headaches and stomach aches, because communication of the body pain goes easier than it hurts the soul, appeals that are stupid and that they are not popular (reduced self-esteem) and a sharp decline in grades.

Depressed teenager never asks empathy environment. Sometimes shows discontent, boredom, loss of interest, obsession with physical appearance or fear of serious illness. Unbearable for them to be defenseless, so they rarely have the classic symptoms of depression: tearfulness, loss of appetite and insomnia. As a dominant defense mechanism used by the so-called “acting – out” (become aggressive, angry, angry …)

Although the clinical picture of depression in children and young adults is similar, there are some fundamental differences that can be regarded as physical, emotional, cognitive and social development degree. Thus, eg. instead expressed feelings of depression, children may have a more pronounced lability of mood, emphasized aggression, low tolerance for frustration, outbursts by type temper tantrums (crying, screaming, kicking), somatic complaints and / or social withdrawal.

The data show that 40-90 percent of young people with depression has a psychiatric disorder. The most common diagnoses were anxiety disorders behavior, hyperkinetic disorder with attention deficit disorder and substance abuse.

Among the experts of the opinion that the number of suicides among young people is relatively undervalued, and one of the main reasons is the stigma attached. Risk factors such behavior as previous suicide attempts, depression, feelings of hopelessness, substance abuse, alcoholism, sexual abuse, mental disorders, social isolation, suicide in the family or among friends, adverse environmental conditions, problems with anger management, low self-esteem, school failure , homosexuality, identity problems, family problems, learning problems and many others.

The duration of a depressive disorder in young takes about one to two months to eight months in the clinical population. Although most recover after the first depressive episode, the study shows that the disease is getting worse in the first two years of between 20-60 percent, and to 70 percent after five years. Therefore, it is necessary to time to react, to pay attention to behavior, carefully find a way to open the tender children’s souls, or seek the help of experts.

Dramatic Changes
Experience our interlocutor points out that parents, generally, relatively late to react, especially when it comes to young people in early adolescence (period from 12 to 15 years) as unusual behavior usually associated with puberty and biological changes. They become aware only when there is a dramatic change in behavior when a child really up at school, or when the body notice the scars of self-harm. Unfortunately, very often personal testimony of the child that they are not good, that nothing feels good to have a common language with anyone in the environment, parents are not taken seriously and just to attribute to their age.

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